【托福】写作:一个人的幸福受什么影响最大?

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考题分析


教授:工作还是人际关系,对人的幸福感影响更大?

Claire:工作满意度。

Paul:人际关系。


Professor Achebe: Next week we'll be talking about factors that contribute to human happiness. Surveys reveal that career satisfaction and the quality of personal relationships, such as with family and friends, are frequently identified as two important factors for happiness. Which of these two factors -career or relationships do you think most people would say has the greater impact on their overall happiness, and why?


Claire: I would say career satisfaction impacts overall happiness more. Having a fulfilling job gives you a sense of purpose and achievement that's hard to replicate elsewhere. It's a core part of your identity and self-worth. Relationships are vital too, but work dominates so much of our waking lives that its role in our well-being can't be overstated.


Paul: Relationships are more impactful for happiness than career. We're social beings, so having strong bonds with family and friends fulfills a core need. Quality time with loved ones boosts positive emotions and provides a support system during tough times. That's why relationships trump career when it comes to overall well-being.


破题


这道题还是比较抽象,讲的是对于幸福的影响因素哪个大。这里提到的工作和生活,其实都是对幸福影响的重要因素,非要说哪个影响更多,很多同学可能在看到考题的时候会有点犯难,选择困难。


这种时候一定注意,写作考试并不是要一个一定正确的答案,只要言之有理,最终能呈现出语言能力即可。所以我们在面对这种不太好选择的题目的时候,可以找到一边的某个点,想好例子,尽力说清楚即可,不要太纠结。否则时间很可能不够。


实在纠结,也可以写中立,即it depends。这时候只要注意划清楚界限即可,比如对于老年人relationship更加重要;对于中年人则work更加重要。这样也可以。


一、career影响更大

1. 占用人们日常时间最长,影响最多

2. 能带来成就感

3. 能消除空虚感

4. 能挣钱,给人带来安全感

5. 不好的工作带给人的压抑持续且大,难以躲掉


二、relationship影响更大

1. 工作中的烦恼可以通过和家人好友倾述消除

2. 拥有好的关系能让人更容易自信有安全感

3. 不好的关系让人内耗(就算工作也难受)

4. 有好的家人朋友可以让你容易恢复状态

5. 有好的家人朋友,能一起创造很多美好体验和回忆


写作思路


立场:relationship


In my opinion, I totally agree with Paul’s idea that a person's social life has a greater impact on their happiness than what they do for a living. (同意Paul的观点)This is because a close-knit circle of family and friends often provides a strong sense of security in day-to-day life, which is the cornerstone of happiness. (补充论点)Take myself for example. After graduating from college, I've maintained a small circle of friends that consists of four girls from each of my educational stage. We catch up once a month, and dive into heart-to-heart chats over yummy pizza or a cup of latte, sharing family gossips, talking about our wild adventures, and supporting one another. Even in the worst of circumstances, I never truly feel depressed or devastated because I know that I can always rely on my little solid crew. (给出例子)You see, our jobs may get changed several times and we may complain about our bosses or colleagues now and then, the thing is, our general outlook on life is consistently optimistic, and this must come from our stable relationships.(总结)


(177 words)



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